Naturalist’s Miscellany

The Naturalist’s Miscellany
by George Shaw
General Index

v

picture of George Shaw’s tomb

Richd. P. Nodder del. 1813. / Richd. B. Peake sculp. / Vide Vol. I. Plate 18.

Notes

r

GENERAL INDEXES,

IN LATIN AND ENGLISH,

OF THE

SUBJECTS

contained in the

TWENTY-FOUR VOLUMES

OF THE

NATURALIST’S MISCELLANY;

BY THE LATE

GEORGE SHAW, M.D. F.R.S.

AND

RICH. P. NODDER.

 

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR, AND PUBLISHED BY, ELIZABETH NODDER & SON, 34, TAVISTOCK-STREET, COVENT-GARDEN;

BY B. M‘MILLAN, BOW-STREET, COVENT-GARDEN.

1813.

[Price Two Shillings and Sixpence.]

v

 

B
1

GENERAL LATIN INDEX
of the
PLATES CONTAINED IN THE TWENTY-FOUR VOLUMES
of
THE NATURALIST’S MISCELLANY,
alphabetically arranged.

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   K   L
M   N   O   P   R   S   T   U   X   Z

A
VOL. PL.
19 802 Acanthurus Chirurgus
14 547 —— velifer
4 128 Acarus auratus
2 42 —— autumnalis
11 440 —— coleoptratus
17 712 —— exulcerans
6 187 —— lepidopterorum
18 764 —— pectinatus
9 335 —— rhombeatus
2 64 —— vegetans
5 148 Acrochordus Javanicus
1 26, 27 Actinia Anemone
11 423 —— Cereus
9 330 —— crassicornis
13 539 —— Dianthus
11 417 Alca impennis
12 465 Alcedo atricapilla
8 269 —— cærulea
13 525 —— chlorocephala
1 13 —— cristata
9 317 —— Erithaca
21 889 —— Inda
4 129 —— Ispida
19 793 —— leucocephala
5 159 —— pusilla
19 825 —— Smyrnensis
16 681 —— tribrachys
21 901 —— ultramarina
9 334 Alcyonium arboreum
8 272 —— arenosum
10 376 —— botryoides
9 326 —— digitatum
22 940 —— exos
18 748 —— Schlosseri
19 817 Ampelis Cotinga
4 135 —— Garrulus
18 765 —— Maynana
22 945 —— phoenicea
19 813 —— Pompadora
19 821 —— superba
21 897 —— umbellata
3 86 Amphisbæna rosea
9 324 Amphitrite Ventilabrum
13 503 Anableps tetropthalmus
15 598 Anarhichas pantherinus
15 605 Anas Ægyptiaca
17 697 —— fasciata
21 885 —— galericulata
23 1005 —— histrionica
8 255 —— lobata
11 421 —— melanotus
2 69 —— Merianæ
1 32 —— occidua
3 108 —— Plutonia
24 1037 —— Sponsa
2 1 5 Anguis Scytale
10 355 Anthias Argus
11 402 —— Diagramma
12 487 —— formosus
10 371 —— sacer
9 320 Antipathes Cupressus
10 352 —— myriophylla
6 205 Aphrodita aculeata
19 792 —— cirrhosa
12 454 Apis lapidaria
21 902 Aplysia Camelus
13 507 —— depilans
16 638 —— punctata
17 706 —— Peroniana
24 1057, 1058 Apteryx Australis
1 12 Aranea avicularia
9 308 —— Diadema
9 336 —— nobilis
23 983 —— Occidua
15 614 —— venatoria
15 602 —— Tarantula
24 1041 Ardea Virgo
15 621 —— tigrina
3 101 Argonauta Argo
23 995 —— tuberculatus
13 532 Ascidia Aurantium
5 154 —— clavata
6 214, 215 —— fasciculata
7 239 —— pedunculata
3 103 Asterias Caput Medusæ
17 695, 696 —— echinites
15 620 —— oligactes
11 418 —— papposa
24 1040 —— scolopendroides
12 475 —— Toreuma
B
4 133 Balæna Mysticetus
17 720 —— musculus
9 304 —— rostrata
17 691 Balistes maculatus
13 535 Boa antarctica
1 24 —— canina
2 51 —— Constrictor
18 778 Bodianus Apua
19 826 —— Aya
14 542 —— Pentacanthua
19 796 Brachionus aculeatus
18 775 —— galeatus
10 394 —— urceolatus
1 6 Bradypus tridactylus
2 58, 59 —— ursinus
19 809 Buceros albirostris
2 41 —— Rhinoceros
14 544 Buccinum Harpa
22 959 —— inflatum
15 596 —— Rumphii
19 799 —— subulatum
12 467 —— tuberosum
10 392 Bucco bidentatus
12 461 —— Maynanensis
7 248 Bulla achatina
12 447 —— ——
8 294 Bulla ? Occidua
8 268 —— virginea
14 541 Buphaga Africana
24 1060 Buprestis Chrysis
8 256 —— gigantea.
C
18 742 Caligus piscinus
9 302 Cancer Bernardus
8 282 —— brachiatus
13 524 —— cristatus
5 160 —— Diogenes
17 694 —— Grapsus
15 627 —— linearis
11 408 —— longimanus
16 642 —— Mantis
12 464 —— Norvegicus
13 496 —— Phalangium
16 655 —— Scyllarus
15 591 —— Sebanus
9 314 —— strigosus
14 588 —— Uca
17 713 Cancroma Cochlearia
24 1045 Caprimulgus Cayanus
8 265 —— longipennis
24 1053 —— vociferans
3 99 Casuarius Australis
8 297 —— galeatus
B2
3
13
538 Cataphractus costatus
14 584 Centriscus Scolopax
19 782 Cephalus brevis
8 284 Cerambyx cervicornis
8 280 —— giganteus
4 134 —— longimanus
24 1026 —— virens
3 107 Cercaria mutabilis
3 102 Certhia Cardinalis
3 75 —— coccinea
8 281 —— cyanea
10 381 —— chalybea
6 210 —— crocata
20 837 —— erythrogastra
1 19 —— formosa
19 797 —— gutturalis
8 289 —— muraria
20 865 —— superba
10 369 —— venusta
2 57 Chætodon armatus
21 914 —— aureus
2 67 —— Enceladus
17 731 —— glaucus
14 551 —— setifer
8 275 —— squamulosus
19 800 —— Teira
12 474 —— tricolor
15 636 Chama Cor.
11 442 —— Gigas
6 195 Charadrius Himantopus
17 731 Chœtodon glaucus
8 257 Chiton squamosus
3 110 Cicada plebeia
5 152 Clio limacina
6 206 —— pyramidata
20 874 Clupea atherinoides
5 182 Coccus cataphractus
6 209 Coluber Ahætulla
4 122 —— Cerastes
7 254 —— doliatus
8 266 —— fasciatus
2 74 —— Naja
5 181 —— Naja
3 94 —— nasicornis
9 340 —— picatus
8 291 —— Russelii
19 785 Columba aromatica
17 709 —— australis
12 457 —— coronata
22 929 —— undulata
18 777 —— melanoptera
12 449 —— rosea
24 1049 Colymbus glacialis
24 1044 Conus Amadis Var.
13 495 —— Ammiralis et var.
13 502 —— arausiacus et arachn.
21 896 —— Augur
10 395 —— Aulicus
23 976 —— gloria maris
6 211 —— marmoreus
13 523 —— Tulipa
11 401 Coracias Africana
8 273 —— Indica
13 509 —— Sinensis
19 781 —— varia
23 1016 Corallina dilatata
22 943 —— fasciculata
16 658 —— Flabellum
24 1051 —— incrassata
5 158 —— officinalis
6 190 —— Tuna
14 568 Cornucopia helicina
14 561 Corvus caudatus
14 553 —— brachyurus
9 313 —— cristatus
20 829 —— cyaneus
14 549 —— glandarius
6 213 —— Peruvianus
13 506 Coryphæna cærulea
7 242 —— Hippurus
24 1032 —— pentadactyla
22 966 Cottus scaber
4 117 Crax Alector
17 707 Crenatula avicularis
24 1029 Cuculus auratus
21 905 —— curvirostris
20 845 —— discolor
8 277 —— Sinensis
9 310 Cyclopterus pavoninus
16 648 Cypræa Arabica
15 619 —— Argus
16 648 —— fragilis
6 193 —— Pardalis
15 619 —— leucopis
18 734 —— testudinaria
4 14 583 Cypræa Zebra
8 262 Cyprinus buphthalmus
23 1000 —— Carpio var.
17 723 —— Orfus
14 556 —— Rondeletii
20 838 —— Tincaurea
21 887 —— Vimba
D
15 634 Delphinus Gangeticus
24 1028 —— ventricosus
7 226 Dentalium elephantinum
8 298 Didelphis obesula
5 166 Didi caput
4 123 Didus ineptus
5 151 Diodon Hystrix
21 878 —— orbicularis
2 40 Dionæa Muscipula
4 145 Doris Argo
20 851 —— palmifera
7 221 —— radiata
1 8 Draco volans
8 292 Dytiscus piceus
E
13 511 Echeneis Remora
7 223 Echinus esculentus
15 597 Emberiza Ciris
11 429 —— quadricolor
7 219 —— Schoeniclus
10 382 Epinephelus Merra
13 526 Eques Americanus
15 624 Erpeton tentaculatus
9 344 Esox Stomias
12 446 Exocoetus evolans
19 814 —— mesogaster.
F
18 741 Falco communis
23 1017 —— fastosus
12 485 —— formosus
6 204 —— furcatus
10 389 —— Ponticerianus
9 303 Fasciola clavata
19 790 Fistularia Chinensis
13 518 —— Tabacaria
10 391 Flustra foliacea
5 150 Fringilla Bengalensis
9 329 —— domestica
13 505 —— elegans
10 361 —— tristis
18 749 —— tristis
22 931 Fulgora candelaria
1 37 —— Lanternaria
G
20 833 Galbula Jacamaciri
10 362 Gastrobranchus coecus
4 121 Gordius aquaticus
16 684 Gorgonia Briareus
16 671 —— ceratophyta
16 674 —— crassa
1 14 —— Flabellum
24 1055 —— Lepadifera
21 916 —— patula
17 708 —— pinnata
8 263 —— sanguinolenta
17 689 Gracula calva
21 884 Gryllus cærulescens
4 136 —— citrifolius
7 251 —— cristatus
18 772 —— Dux
20 835 —— Elephas
4 115 —— laurifolius
2 62 —— migratorius
18 747 —— monstrosus
18 763 —— morbillosus
19 784 —— nasutus
20 843 —— Pupus
20 866 —— serratus
19 788 —— squarrosus
21 879 —— verrucivorus
18 743 —— viridissimus
9 307 Gymnothorax catenatus
9 322 —— Zebra
4 130 Gymnotus electricus
14 586 —— rostratus
9 342, 344 Gyrinus Mexicanus
5 H
17 715 Haliotis tuberculata
2 70 Hedysarum gyrans
14 576 Helix ampullacea
10 374 —— Carocolla
16 683 —— citrina
1 30 —— hortensis
22 950 —— pellis serpentis
10 374 —— ringens
10 387 Hippobosca Hirundinis
6 217 Hirudo medicinalis
6 218 —— sanguisuga
16 665 Hirundo Capensis
23 986 Holocentrus auratus
13 522 —— Sogo
20 867 —— Surinamensis
13 514 —— tigrinus
20 870 —— virescens
8 260 Holothuria inhærens
5 172 —— tremula
16 664 Hyale tridentata
11 400 Hydrachna coccinea
18 760 —— geographica
22 970 Hydra longimana
1 20 —— viridis
I
3 106 Isis Hippuris
3 82 —— nobilis
2 46 Julus maximus
5 156 Junx Torquilla
K
24 1056 Kurtus Indicus
L
24 1038 Labrus annulatus
17 700 —— bifasciatus
18 762 —— Brasiliensis
22 942 —— cyanocephalus
18 759 Labrus guttulatus
11 426 —— Tinca ?
19 786 —— trimaculatus
23 1019 —— undulatus
11 403 Lacerta Amboinensis
21 891 —— Ameiva
11 411 —— Apus
11 412 —— aquatica
15 594 —— aurita
4 142 —— Basiliscus
24 1063 —— Bicarinata
11 428 —— Crocodilus
18 770 —— furcifrons
17 722 —— Hispaniolica
7 227 —— Iguana
16 663 —— lepidopus
6 212 —— lumbricoides
1 21 —— Monitor
22 947 —— monodactyla
8 279 —— palustris
2 65 —— platura
2 45 —— Salamandra
5 179 —— scincoides
24 1031 —— Scincus
3 89 —— unistriata
3 83 —— varia
9 318 —— vulgaris
22 968 Langaya nasuta
7 246 Lanius Barbarus
13 521 —— bicolor
10 377 —— Collurio
16 637 —— gutturalis
16 645 —— jocosus
20 869 —— mystaceus
14 578 Larva Australasiæ
13 501 Lemur Calago
14 570 —— minutus var.
1 29 —— Tardigradus
6 191 Lepas anatifera
14 554 —— anserina
16 672 —— aurita
17 726 —— trachealis
8 295 Lernææ
18 779 Libellula cærulata
12 471 —— depressa
12 463 —— grandis
11 407 —— Lucretia
12 480 —— Puella
6 12 476 —— Virgo
4 137 Limax ater & max.
10 375 Lonchiurus barbatus
23 1012 Lophius Cocinsiliensis
7 245 —— Histrio
5 176 —— marmoratus
6 202, 203 —— monopterygius
5 176 —— pictus
11 422 —— piscatorius
5 175 —— striatus
20 875 —— Vespertilio
11 410 Loricaria Plecostomus
3 105 Loxia Cardinalis
14 545 —— cærulea
11 433 —— cucullata
17 685 —— Enucleator
2 56 —— jugularis
16 677 —— Ludoviciana
7 240 —— Orix
19 811 Lucanus Alces
16 647 Lucernaria quadriloba
12 491 Lutianus Chrysops
11 415 Lycoperdon fornicatum
M
1 33 Macropus giganteus
12 462 Macrourus rupestris
23 1004 Madrepora abdita
22 946 —— annularis
5 155 —— astroites
19 820 —— axillaris
17 703 —— Carduus
4 118 —— Cerebrum
17 711 —— cincinnata
17 719 —— cucullata
20 858 —— fastigiata
22 952 —— flexuosa
3 79 —— Fungites
20 840 —— Lactuca
17 686 —— muricata
11 414 —— musicalis
15 607 —— pezizoides
20 855 —— phrygia
15 623 —— Pileus
6 194 —— ramea
20 848 —— retepora
10 383 —— rosea
18 754 —— seriata
1 11 Manis pentadactyla
1 36 —— tetradactyla
9 323 Mantis bispinosa
2 43 —— Gigas
7 233 —— gongylodes
9 327 —— precaria
4 119 —— siccifolia
3 95 —— strumaria
8 259 Medusa Andromeda
6 196 —— Campanella
7 224 —— Cephea
4 112 —— Infundibulum
7 247 —— Navicula
16 643 —— Nummularia
22 956 —— pellucens
8 299 —— Pulmo
7 250 —— Velella
12 445 Mergus Castor
5 162 Merops Apiaster
15 613 —— cœrulocephalus
10 357 —— Erythrocephalus
9 337 —— gularis
17 701 —— Malimbicus
3 78 —— superbus
11 419 Millepora alcicornis
16 666 —— cærulea
5 169 —— cellulosa
11 416 —— lichenoides
21 920 —— reticulata
18 767 —— violacea
20 861 Momota Brasiliensis
10 368 Monoculus Apus
10 390 —— conchaceus
18 736 —— cyprinaceus
3 91 —— Polyphemus
10 364 —— Pulex
21 904 —— quadricornis
1 3 Moschus pygmæus
6 207 Motacilla alba
5 168 —— Calliope
23 973 —— diophrys
22 949 —— dubia
4 114 —— hirundinacea
7 22 957 —— oxura
22 965 —— pectoralis
6 192 —— Phoenicurus
5 165 —— Regulus
16 649 —— Rossica
8 261 —— Sialis
16 661 —— Suecica
1 10 —— superba
7 237 —— sutoria
22 969 —— thoracica
6 189 —— Trochilus
18 746 Mullus maculatus
7 220 Muræna Meleagris
15 631 Murex Brandaris
15 599 —— Femorale
12 488 —— Haustellum
23 1020 —— Lampas
21 924 —— lyratus
13 527 —— ramosus
22 927 —— saxatilis
17 690 —— Trapezium
12 460 —— Tribulus
12 479 —— Tritonis
24 1022 —— tulipa
14 569 Muscicapa coronata
5 147 —— erythrogastra
15 629 —— melanoleuca
2 63 —— porphyrobroncha
2 73 Mus striatus
2 38 —— saliens
12 469 Mycteria Americana
15 601 —— Australis
3 109 Myrmecophaga aculeata
16 676 Myrmeleon grande
9 315 Mytilus Camellii
23 1015 —— Hirundo var.
20 831 —— margaritifer
9 315 —— Rostrum
N
12 452 Nais digitata
10 379 —— proboscidea
8 270 —— serpentina
13 515 Nautilus Pompilius
14 579, 580 Naut. Pompil. animal
10 370 Nepa grandis
14 543 —— linearis
9 311 Nereis lamelligera
16 678 Nerita polita et pennata
12 466 Notocanthus Nasus
17 705 Numenius Guarauna
18 757 Numida cristata
O
18 740 Onchidium Typhæ
15 628 Oniscus Entomon
11 399 Ophicephalus punctatus
1 23 Ophrys apifera
8 285 Oriolus Galbula
10 365 —— hæmorrhous
12 473 —— melanocephalus
9 341 —— phoeniceus
7 243 —— Xanthornus
9 338 Ostracion auritus
7 253 —— Meleagris
16 675 Ostrea denticulata
23 978 —— Islandica
23 987 —— —— var.
11 439 —— isogonum
16 639 —— Jacobæa
12 492 —— Pallium
23 992 —— varia
15 610 Ovis Canadensis
14 573 Otis Tetrax
P
14 565 Palamedea cornuta
2 68 Papilio Achilles
17 710 —— Achilles var.
19 783 —— Adippe
17 687 —— Adonis
13 512 —— Æneas & Peranthus
13 500 —— Agenor
24 1024 —— Ajax
19 787 —— Amphinome
12 448 —— Amphimedon
8 16 650 —— Amphrysius
15 600 —— Amphytrion
17 718 —— Anchises
19 804 —— Androgeus
15 635 —— Andromachus
6 197 —— Antenor
14 572 —— Antimachus
18 744 —— Antiopa
20 839 —— Automedon
14 555 —— Apollo
23 1006 —— Archippus
17 716 —— Arciselaus
5 157 —— Atalanta
22 951 —— Atys
14 587 —— Aurelius
22 955 —— Bolina
21 915 —— Cardamines
11 430 —— Cardui
19 791 —— Cassiæ
24 1046 —— C-aureum
20 852 —— Cramerianus
14 574 —— Cyparissias
13 540 —— Deiphobus
17 704 —— Deiphobus var.
11 444 —— Demoleus
8 296 —— Diomedes
19 828 —— Empedocles
22 948 —— Erminia
23 1018 —— Eubule
20 844 —— Galanthus
21 918 —— Galatea
8 271 —— Hector
5 167 —— Hecuba
3 77 —— Helena
14 552 —— Helenus & Steneles
24 1050 —— Huntera
15 632 —— Jairus
17 692 —— Icarus
24 1035 —— Idalia
5 149 —— Idea
5 164 —— Idomeneus
10 388 —— Io
20 862 —— Iris
14 564 —— Laertes
10 360 —— Leilus
11 398 —— Machaon
20 844 —— Maja
21 888 —— Marsyas
2 49 —— Menelaus
15 604 —— Merope
4 113 —— Nestor
11 444 —— Nireus
12 486 —— Orontes
11 420 —— Panthous
13 516 —— Panthous
11 404 —— Paris
18 756 —— Paphia
11 435 —— Patroclus
12 472 —— Perseus
23 1010 —— Philenor
12 459 —— Phorcas
19 819 —— Piera
1 28 —— Polymnestor
24 1043 —— Polychloros
20 846 —— populi
1 15 —— Priamus
15 590 —— Protenor
13 504 —— Protesilaus
21 895 —— Pylades
23 991 —— Pyretus
19 824 —— Rhamni
4 125 —— Ripheus
19 806 —— Spondiæ
17 732 —— Telemachus
9 331 —— Thoas
23 1003 —— Troilus
12 484 —— Xuthus
3 92 —— Ulysses
21 881 Paradisea aurantia
23 993 —— Gularis
15 625 —— magnifica
14 577 —— Parkinsoniana
24 1021 —— superba
24 1025 —— Vaillantii
23 1009 Parra Jacana
4 138 Parus cæruleus
6 201 —— major
15 606 Patella fusca
24 1052 —— testudinaria
24 1052 —— plicaria
16 641 Pavo spicifer
11 441 —— Tibetanus
6 208 Pediculus vulgaris
20 863 Pegasus Draco
13 529 Pelecanus Sinensis
C
9
4
124 Pennatula argentea
5 170 —— Cynomorion
2 39 —— phosphorea
4 139 —— reniformis
12 478 Perca guttata
16 682 —— maculata
24 1033 Perdix rufa
4 143 Pes Didi
2 60 Petaurus australis
5 177 Phaeton phoenicurus
22 938 Phalæna Agarista
13 530, 531 —— Agrippina
16 640 —— Apollonia
1 2 —— Atlas
8 300 —— Augusta
14 582 —— Boreas
8 288 —— Caja
22 934 —— Capensis
15 615, 616 —— Cecropia
19 816 —— Cossus
22 963 —— Dominula
7 230 —— Erycina
16 644 —— Fabia
12 490 —— Fraxini
14 548 —— Hebe
21 892 —— Hypermnestra
22 960 —— Hyphinoe
16 656 —— Janus
18 735 —— imperatoria
12 455, 456 —— Junonia
12 468 —— Lectrix
21 880 —— Liris
8 264 —— Luna
20 868 —— macrops
13 520 —— macroura
22 932 —— Matronula
20 876 —— nupta
23 996 —— oculatissima
18 776 —— odora
16 660 —— Paphia
16 659 —— ——, larva
23 1014 —— papilionaria
19 822 —— Pini
10 356 —— Polyphemus
23 998 —— Proserpina
21 899 —— quercifolia
21 886 —— quercus
15 611, 612 —— regia
20 856 —— Rhodope
21 883 —— Sponsa
15 618 —— Strix
17 699 —— Sylla
16 646 —— Tarquinia
20 830 —— Tyrrhea
22 928 —— Venus
22 972 —— Villica
22 967 —— Vinula
3 85 Phalangium cancroides
15 608 —— dubium
10 393 —— reniforme
9 321 Phasianus ignitus
10 353 —— varius
9 347, 348 Phasma dilatatum
17 688 Phyllidia trilineata
6 184 Physeter macrocephalus
15 592 Phytolithus Filicis
17 725 Phytotoma Abyssinica
4 126 Picus erythrocephalus
5 180 —— major
11 413 —— miniatus
7 225 —— minor
2 44 —— minimus
13 493 —— pileatus
22 953 —— Portoricensis
13 497 —— principalis
18 753 —— rufus
11 437 Pinguinaria cristata
11 409 —— Patachonica
12 483 Pinna muricata
7 249 Pipra Aureola
5 153 —— caudata
20 849 —— militaris
20 841 —— musica
4 111 —— punctata
5 174 —— striata
15 593 —— rupicola
11 424 Planaria lactea
3 90 Platalea Ajaja
10 385, 386 Platypus Anatinus
10 14 559 Platystacus anguillaris
11 432 —— cotylephorus
19 823 Pleuronectes Argus
21 903 —— barbatus
7 238 —— roseus
21 890 —— Zebra
10 373 Plotus melanogaster
12 470 Polynemus paradiseus
24 1027 Polypterus niloticus
23 985 Promerops cæruleus
23 981 —— superbus
15 609 Psittacus Augustus
22 937 —— cæruleatus
11 425 —— canus
21 893 —— Capensis
18 737 —— coccineus
3 87 —— concinnus
3 93 —— eximius
6 186 —— funereus
22 925 —— garrulus
2 53 —— gloriosus
21 917 —— hæmatodes
18 769 —— incertus
19 789 —— infuscatus
15 633 —— Lory
21 921 —— Macrorhynchos
2 50 —— magnificus
4 132 —— melanopterus
16 653 —— melanotus
21 913 —— nuchalis
8 258 —— pallidus
23 1001 —— Paradisi
1 7 —— Porphyrio
1 1 —— porphyrocephalus
1 16 —— porphyrurus
3 96 —— pulchellus
1 35 —— pullarius
21 877 —— rodocephalus
24 1061 —— squamosus
7 228 —— terrestris
21 909 —— Vaillanti
16 673 —— undulatus
16 657 —— zonarius
9 328 Pterotrachea coronata
3 104 Ptinus fatidicus
5 178 Pulex irritans
16 662 Pyrosoma phosphorescens
R
5 173 Raja rostrata
6 198 Ramphastos Aracari
6 183 —— erythrorhynchos
17 717 —— viridis
4 127 Rana arborea
6 200 —— Australiaca
10 367 —— bicolor
3 76 —— cornuta
20 871 —— esculenta
23 984 —— ignea
23 999 —— mephitica
10 351, 350 —— Paradoxa
1 17 —— Pipa
20 864 —— temporaria var.
9 325 Rynchops nigra
S
22 971 Salmo rhombeus
21 882 —— Salvelinus
21 923 —— Tumbil
7 236 Salpa democratica
7 232 —— maxima
18 758 Scarabæus auratus
17 730 —— Cacicus
9 316 —— cyaneus
14 560 —— dichotomus
9 332 —— Elephas
24 1054 —— Fullo
3 80 —— Goliathus
18 751 —— Goliathus
1 34 —— Hercules
13 536 —— longimanus
21 911 —— Loxanus
10 384 —— Macropus
23 974 —— micans
9 316 —— Monoceros
C2
11
4
131 —— Midas
24 1030 —— torquatus
19 808 —— Typhon
19 794 Scarus Cretensis
12 482 —— Croicensis
8 286 —— viridis
10 366 Sciæna Cirrosa
24 1047 —— Coro
23 1007 —— formosa
24 1042 —— macrolepidota
23 990 —— unimaculata
18 745 Scolopax Helias
17 729 —— Sinensis
6 185 Scolopendra microscopica
1 9 —— morsitans
13 498 Scomber Ductor
22 935 —— fasciatus
23 982 —— maculosus
16 654 —— plumieri
20 854 —— regalis
20 850 —— Rottleri
13 494 —— ruber
23 1002 —— saliens
24 1064 —— Scomber
22 958 Scorpæna Porcus
18 768 —— volitans
3 100 Scorpio Afer
17 728 Scyllæa pelagica
18 780 Sepia granulata
10 363 —— Loligo
10 358 —— Octopodia
14 546 —— tunicata
20 857 Serpentarius Africanus
14 571 Serpula anguina
14 575 —— muricata
6 188 —— perforata
8 283 —— vermicularis
24 1048 Sertularia cereoides
22 962 —— contorta
23 1008 —— operculata
17 698 —— Pennatula
22 936 —— Pinaster
2 71 —— setacea
18 774 Simia argentata
15 626 —— Ascanius
6 216 —— Hamadryas
24 1036 —— Leonina
2 48 —— Sphinx?
3 97 Silurus Callichthys
11 406 —— militaris
2 61 Siren lacertina
15 622 Solpuga venenosa
2 55 Sorex bicolor
23 979 Sparas chloropterus
23 994 —— erythrourus
23 975 —— Juba
24 1023 Sparus Abilgardi
21 898 —— Anchorago
21 919 —— argyropthalmus
23 979 —— chloropterus
21 910 —— chlorourus
12 458 —— chrysurus
20 834 —— erythrinus
23 994 —— erythrourus
19 807 —— falcatus
18 755 —— fasciatus
1 31 —— ? formosus
23 975 —— Juba
20 842 —— macropthalmus
16 652 —— melanopterus
18 750 —— Pagrus
24 1034 —— Pavo
20 847 —— semifasciatus
19 818 —— Surinamensis
20 859 —— trimaculatus
19 810 —— Verres
22 939 —— Vosmerianus
13 534 Sphagebranchus rostratus
14 566, 567 Sphinx Annonæ
13 528 —— Atropos
20 860 —— Celerio
24 1059 —— Chionanthi
15 595 —— Cluentius
18 752 —— Convolvuli
23 980 —— Crantor
23 988 —— Elpenor
21 922 —— Euphorbias
18 739 —— Ficus
16 680 —— Jatrophæ
16 679 —— Jatrophæ larva
16 668 —— labruscæ
16 667 —— —— larva
11 443 —— Ligustri
17 724 —— lineata
10 372 —— Nerii
1 18 —— ocellata
24 1039 —— Pandion
12 16 670 —— Panopus
19 803 —— populi
9 319 —— rustica
19 795 —— satellitia
20 872 —— stellatarum
16 651 Spondylus gædaropus
10 380 Spongia flabelliformis
4 146 —— Infundibulum
18 738 —— palmata
17 727 Squalus appendiculatus
11 434 —— fasciatus
5 161 —— ocellatus
21 906 —— Squatina
15 630 —— tentaculatus
7 229 —— Tiburo
9 346 —— vittatus
8 267 —— Zygæna
2 54 Stapelia hirsuta
23 989 Strix Africana
5 171 —— albifrons
12 477 —— cayana
19 801 —— larvata
1 25 —— nebulosa
2 47 —— Nyctea, var.
1 22 —— pulchella
20 853 —— superciliosa
22 926 Strombus Auris Dianæ
13 499 —— Fusus
23 1011 —— Lambis
13 519 —— latissimus
2 72 Struthio Rhea
10 349 Sturnus Ludovicianus
20 873 —— nitens
19 805 —— subroseus
8 274 Stylephorus chordatus
23 997 Sylvia minuta
14 563 Synbranchus marmoratus
17 714 Syngnathus biaculeatus
T
7 241 Tænia vulgaris
7 234 Tanagra Brasiliana
7 252 —— dubia
13 537 —— festiva
14 581 —— Malimbica
16 669 —— melanictera
17 693 —— Mississippensis
18 761 —— silens
1 4 —— Tatao
9 305 —— violacea
17 721 Tantalus cristatus
8 293 —— Gangeticus
4 120 —— ruber
7 235 Terebella flavicoma
8 290 —— Madreporarum
9 339 —— rostrata
9 306 Testudo geometrica
8 287 —— imbricata
4 144 —— Meleagris
21 907, 908 —— Nilotica
24 1062 —— serpentina
13 510 Tethys Fimbria
15 589 Tetrao arenaria
9 345 —— Californicus
18 773 —— Francolinus
3 84 —— Porphyrio
22 933 —— Senegalensis
20 832 Tetrodon lineatus
18 733 Tinamus variegatus
11 405 Todus cristatus
10 378 Trachicthys Australis
8 276 Trichechus Rosmarus
22 930 Trichiurus lepturus
12 453 Trichoda Sol
18 766 —— triseta
4 116 Trigla cataphracta
21 894 —— lineata
22 954 —— pini
11 438 —— punctata
12 451 —— volitans
23 977 Trochilus auritus
2 66 —— Colubris
7 222 —— forficatus
11 397 —— furcatus
12 489 —— minimus
3 81 —— multicolor
13 513 —— Pella
9 333 —— porphyrurus
13 517 —— superbus
3 98 Tubipora musica
13 10 354 Tubularia campanulata
10 392 —— indivisa
12 450 —— magnifica
19 798 —— ramosa
22 964 Turbo nautileus
10 359 —— petholatus
14 562 —— Pica
21 900 —— undulatus
23 1013 Turdus Australasiæ
14 557 —— Cochinchinensis
15 617 —— cyanurus
14 585 —— lunulatus
22 961 —— perspicax
7 231 —— roseus
U V
9 309 Upupa Epops
13 533 —— erythrorynchus
12 481 Vaginalis Australis
5 163 Venus Dione
15 603 Vespa campanaria
11 431 Vibrio Anguillula
11 436 —— paxillifer
13 508 Voluta Æthiopica
20 836 Voluta Æthiopica
2 52 Voluta arausiaca
14 550 —— Hebræa
19 827 —— Indica
19 815 —— Junonia
19 812 —— magnifica
7 244 —— Mitra
21 912 —— nivosa
22 944 —— Pacifica
17 702 —— undulata
14 558 —— Vespertilio
11 427 Volvox Globator
13 533 —— erythrorynchus
6 199 Vorticella circularis
9 312 —— Convallaris
18 771 —— Cyathus
8 278 —— polypina
9 301 Vultur Californianus
4 141 —— Percnopterus
22 941 —— Ponticerianus
X
3 88 Xiphias platypterus
Z
4 140 Zeus imperialis
14

GENERAL ENGLISH INDEX,
alphabetically arranged.

A  B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   K   L
M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   V   W   Z

A
VOL. PL.
14 547 Acanthurus broad finned
19 802 —— lancet-tailed
2 42 Acarus autumnal
4 128 —— gold-spotted
9 335 —— lozenge
1 26, 27 Actinia Anemone
13 539 —— carnation
9 330 —— great
11 423 —— rose-tipped
9 334 Alcyonium arborescent
10 376 —— Cauliflower
9 326 —— fingered
22 940 —— purple
8 272 —— sandy
18 748 —— Schlosserian
21 897 Ampelis umbrella’d
3 86 Amphisbæna rose-coloured
9 324 Amphitrite Fan
13 503 Anableps four-eyed
15 598 Anarhichas panther
3 109 Ant-Eater Porcupine
10 355 Anthias Argus
11 402 —— banded
12 475 —— blue-striped
10 371 —— red
9 320 Antipathes Cypress
10 352 —— Milfoil
6 205 Aphrodita aculeated
19 792 —— cirrhated
21 902 Aplysia long-necked
13 507 —— Mediterranean
17 706 —— Peronian
16 638 Aplysia speckled
24 1057, 1058 Apteryx, Southern
23 995 Argonaut tuberculated
5 154 Ascidia clavate
6 214, 215 —— fasciculated
13 532 —— orange
7 239 —— pedunculated
12 487 Asterias carved
17 695, 696 —— echinoid
3 103 —— Medusa-Head
11 418 —— twelve-rayed
11 417 Awk great
B
6 216 Baboon grey
2 48 —— variegated
7 243 Banana-Bird lesser
12 461 Barbet Mayna
10 392 —— tooth-billed
14 554 Barnacle anserine
6 191 —— duck
16 672 —— eared
17 726 —— laryngoid
17 691 Balistes spotted
4 142 Basilisk
15 613 Bee-Eater blue-headed
5 162 —— European
17 701 —— Malimbic
10 357 —— red-headed
9 337 —— red-throated
3 78 —— superb
12 454 Bee orange-tailed
17 730 Beetle Cacique
15 24 1030 —— collared
9 316 —— cyanean
9 332 —— Elephant
3 80 —— fork-headed
14 560 —— fork-horned
24 1054 —— Fuller
18 751 —— Goliath
18 758 —— golden
1 34 —— Hercules
10 384 —— Kanguroo
13 536 —— long-armed
21 911 —— Loxa
4 131 —— Midas
23 974 —— shining
19 808 —— Typhon
9 316 —— Unicorn
15 621 Bittern Tiger
13 535 Boa antarctic
2 51 —— great
17 713 Boat-Bill
18 778 Bodian Apua
19 826 —— Aya
14 542 —— five-spined
19 796 Brachionus aculeated
10 394 —— bell-shaped
18 775 —— galeated
14 544 Buccinum harp
22 959 —— inflated
15 596 —— marbled
19 799 —— subulate
12 467 —— tuberous
17 685 Bulfinch greater
7 248 Bulla agate
12 447 —— agate
8 294 —— Occidental
8 268 —— ribband
22 966 Bullhead rough
7 219 Bunting reed
14 541 Buphaga African
24 1060 Buprestis Chesnut-shelled Indian
8 256 —— great
14 573 Bustard little
16 637 Butcher-Bird red-throated
17 710 Butterfly Achilles, var.
19 783 —— Adippe
17 687 —— Adonis
13 512 —— Æneas and Peranthus
13 500 —— Agenor
24 1024 —— Ajax
24 1046 —— American Comma
24 1050 —— Painted Lady
12 448 —— Amphimedon
19 787 —— Amphinome
16 650 —— Amphrysius
15 600 —— Amphytrion
17 718 —— Anchises
19 804 —— Androgeus
15 635 —— Andromachus
6 197 —— Antenor
14 572 —— Antimachus
18 744 —— Antiopa
14 555 —— Apollo
23 1006 —— Archippus
17 716 —— Arcesilaus
5 157 —— Atalanta
22 951 —— Atys
14 587 —— Aurelius
20 839 —— Automedon
3 77 —— black-and-gold
5 149 —— black-striped
22 955 —— Bolina
19 824 —— buckthorn
19 791 —— Cassia
20 852 —— Cramerian
14 574 —— Cyparissias
13 540 —— Deiphobus
17 704 —— Deiphobus, var.
11 444 —— Demoleus
8 296 —— Diomedes
19 828 —— Empedocles
22 948 —— Erminia
23 1018 —— Eubule
21 918 —— Galatea
20 844 —— Galanthus
2 68 —— great-blue-banded
5 164 —— great Occidental
16 24 1043 —— great Tortoise-shell
8 271 —— Hector
5 167 —— Hecuba
14 552 —— Helenus et Steneles
15 632 —— Jaïrus
17 692 —— Icarus
24 1035 —— Idalia
1 15 —— Imperial Trojan
20 862 —— Iris
14 564 —— Laertes
10 360 —— Leilus
11 398 —— Machaon
20 844 —— Maja
21 888 —— Marsyas
15 604 —— Merope
4 113 —— Nestor
11 444 —— Nireus
21 915 —— Orange-tip
12 486 —— Orontes
11 420 —— Panthous
13 516 —— Panthous
18 756 —— Paphia
11 404 —— Paris
11 435 —— Patroclus
10 388 —— Peacock
12 472 —— Perseus
23 1010 —— Philenor
12 459 —— Phorcas
1 28 —— Polymnestor
20 846 —— poplar
15 590 —— Protenor
13 504 —— Protesilaus
21 895 —— Pylades
23 991 —— Pyretus
3 92 —— radiated
4 125 —— Ripheus
2 49 —— silver-blue
19 806 —— single-spotted
19 819 —— talc-winged
17 732 —— Telemachus
11 430 —— thistle
9 331 —— Thoas
23 1003 —— Troilus
12 484 —— Xuthus
C
10 363 Calamary
18 742 Caligus fish
11 433 Cardinal crested Dominican
23 1000 Carp common, var.
17 723 —— orange
14 556 —— Rondeletian
8 262 —— telescope
21 887 —— Vimba
8 297 Cassowary galeated
3 99 —— Southern
14 578 Caterpillar Australasian
8 280 Cerambyx great
4 134 —— long-legged
8 284 —— stag-horned
14 584 Centriscus scaly
3 107 Cercaria changeable
8 275 Chætodon double-scaled
17 731 —— glaucous
21 914 —— golden
19 800 —— long-finned
2 57 —— long-spined
14 551 —— red-striped
12 474 —— tricolor
18 770 Chamæleon fork-headed
11 442 Chama great
15 636 —— Heart
4 135 Chatterer Bohemian
22 945 —— crimson
19 813 —— Pompadour
19 817 —— purple-breasted
18 765 —— silken-feathered
19 821 —— superb
8 257 Chiton scaly
3 110 Cicada common
5 152 Clio limacine
6 206 —— pyramidal
5 182 Coccus mailed
6 186 Cockatoo funereal
2 50 —— magnificent.
D
17
13
495 Cone Admiral and var.
24 1044 —— Amadis, var.
21 896 —— dotted
6 211 —— marbled
23 976 —— nonpareil
13 502 —— Orange-flag and Cobweb
10 395 —— Porphyry
13 523 —— Tulip
3 106 Coral black and white
3 82 —— common red
5 158 Coralline common
23 1016 —— dilated
16 658 —— fan
2 71 —— sea bristle
24 1051 —— thick-leaved
22 943 —— tufted-topped
6 190 —— Tuna
14 568 Cornucopia helicine
13 506 Coryphæna blue
7 242 —— common
24 1032 Coryphene five-spotted
15 619 Cowry Argus
16 648 —— brittle and Arabian
6 193 —— Leopard
18 734 —— tortoise
15 619 —— white-eyed
14 583 —— Zebra
13 524 Crab crested
5 160 —— Diogenes
15 627 —— linear
11 408 —— long-armed
16 642 —— long-bodied
16 655 —— oval-tailed
15 591 —— Seban
13 496 —— slender-legged
9 302 —— Soldier
17 694 —— variegated
14 588 —— Uca
24 1041 Crane Numidian
3 102 Creeper Cardinal
10 381 —— chalybean
8 281 —— cyanean
10 369 —— Leona
19 797 —— purple-throated
20 837 —— red-bellied
6 210 —— saffron
3 75 —— scarlet
1 19 —— shining
20 865 —— superb
8 289 —— wall
17 707 Crenatula avicular
11 428 Crocodile
17 722 —— Domingo
20 829 Crow cyanean
14 561 —— long-tailed
14 553 —— short-tailed
8 277 Cuckow Chinese
21 905 —— curve-billed
24 1029 —— gilded
20 845 —— variegated
4 117 Curasso common
17 705 Curlew Brasilian
10 358 Cuttle-fish eight-armed
14 546 —— Balloon
18 780 Cuttle granulated
9 310 Cyclopterus pavonian
D
10 373 Darter black-bellied
3 104 Death-watch
7 226 Dentalium elephantine
21 878 Diodon orbicular
5 151 —— porcupine
24 1049 Diver northern
4 123 Dodo
4 143 —— leg
5 166 Dodo’s head
15 634 Dolphin Gangetic
24 1028 —— ventricose
4 145 Doris Lemon
20 851 —— palmiferous
7 221 —— radiated
18 779 Dragon-Fly blue-tipped
1 8 —— flying
17 697 Duck fasciated
18 23 1005 —— Harlequin
8 255 —— lobated
2 69 —— Merian
24 1037 —— Summer
1 32 —— Western
8 292 Dytiscus great
E
10 389 Eagle Pondicherry
7 223 Echinus esculent
7 220 Eel speckled
15 597 Emberiza painted
11 429 —— variegated
10 382 Epinephelus spotted
15 624 Erpeton tentaculatus
F
18 741 Falcon common
23 1017 —— narrow-crested
12 485 —— purple-throated
6 204 —— swallow-tailed
9 303 Fasciola clavated
5 150 Finch blue-bellied
18 749 —— golden
13 505 —— variegated
19 790 Fistularia Chinese
13 518 —— fibre-tailed
1 37 Fire-fly
5 178 Flea common
19 823 Flounder Argus
21 903 —— bearded
7 238 —— rose-coloured
15 629 Flycatcher Georgian
14 569 —— round-crested
2 63 —— purple-throated
5 147 —— red-bellied
12 446 Flying-Fish
19 814 —— middle-finned
10 391 Flustra foliaceous
2 40 Fly-trap Venus’s
18 773 Francolin
6 200 Frog Australian
10 367 —— blue and yellow
20 864 —— common, var.
23 984 —— fire
20 871 —— green
3 76 —— horned
10 350, 351 —— paradoxical
4 127 —— tree
20 875 Frogfish American
11 422 —— European
G
10 362 Gastrobranchus glutinous
11 427 Globe-Animal common
24 1026 Goatchaffer green Jamaica
8 265 Goatsucker long-shafted
24 1053 —— vociferous
24 1045 —— white-necked
10 361 Goldfinch American
11 421 Goose black-backed
15 605 —— Egyptian
24 1055 Gorgonia Barnacle-bearing
1 14 —— Fan
21 916 —— patulous
17 708 —— pinnated
16 671 —— purple
8 263 —— purple-sided
16 674 —— thick
16 684 —— thick-armed
17 689 Grakle bald
14 545 Grossbeak blue
3 105 —— Cardinal
7 240 —— Grenadier
16 677 —— Ludovician
2 56 —— red-throated
22 933 Grous Senegal
7 227 Guana
12 451 Gurnard flying
21 894 —— lineated
4 116 —— mailed
22 954 —— pine-leaved
D2
19
11
438 —— spotted
9 307 Gymnothorax marbled
9 322 —— Zebra
4 130 Gymnotus electrical
14 586 —— rostrated
H
4 121 Hair-worm
17 715 Haliotis tuberculated
2 70 Hedysarum animated
20 874 Herring silver-striped
10 387 Hippobosca Swallow
23 986 Holocentrus golden
20 870 —— greenish
13 522 —— red
20 867 —— Surinam
13 514 —— variegated
8 260 Holothuria brown
5 172 —— tremulous
9 309 Hoopoe
13 533 —— red-billed
2 41 Horn-bill great
19 809 —— white-beaked
7 222 Humming-bird Fork-tailed
11 397 Humming-bird Fork-tailed
3 81 —— Harlequin
12 489 —— least
9 333 —— purple-tailed
2 66 —— red-throated
13 517 —— stripe-cheeked
13 513 —— topaz-throated
23 977 —— violet-eared
16 664 Hyale tridentated
11 400 Hydrachna scarlet
18 760 —— variegated
I J
17 721 Ibis crested
8 293 —— Gangetic
4 120 —— scarlet
12 469 Jabiru American
15 601 —— Australasian
20 833 Jacamar great
23 1009 Jacana Chesnut
2 67 Jaculator
9 313 Jay blue
14 549 —— common
6 213 —— Peruvian
2 38 Jerboa Siberian
2 46 Julus great
K
1 33 Kanguroo great
12 465 King-fisher Black-capped
4 129 —— common
1 13 —— crested
13 525 —— green-headed
5 159 —— minute
9 317 —— red-headed
19 825 —— Smyrna
21 889 —— spotted
16 681 —— tridigitated
21 901 —— ultramarine
8 269 —— white-collared
19 793 —— white-headed
13 526 Knight-fish American
24 1056 Kurtus Indian
L
24 1038 Labrus annulated
17 700 —— bifasciated
22 942 —— blue-headed
18 762 —— Brasilian
18 759 —— guttulated
19 786 —— trimaculated
23 1019 —— undulated
22 968 Langaya long-snouted
22 931 Lantern-Fly Chinese
6 218 Leech horse
6 217 —— medicinal
13 501 Lemur Calago
14 570 —— minute, var.
1 29 —— slow-paced
8 295 Lernææ
12 476 Libellula black-winged
12 471 —— depressed
20 12 463 —— great
11 407 —— linear
12 480 —— small
24 1052 Limpet Tortoise-shell
24 1052 —— pleated
11 403 Lizard Amboina
21 891 —— Ameiva
11 411 —— apodal
24 1063 —— Bicarinated
2 65 —— broad-tailed
15 594 —— lobe-cheeked
6 212 —— lumbriciform
1 21 —— Monitory
22 947 —— monodactyle
16 663 —— scaly-footed
5 179 —— scincoid
3 89 —— single-striped
3 83 —— variegated
8 282 Lobster Bamffian
12 464 —— Norway
9 314 —— plated
4 115 Locust bay-leaved
21 879 —— brown spotted
21 884 —— cærulescent
4 136 —— citron-leaved
7 251 —— Egyptian
20 835 —— Elephant
18 763 —— granulated
18 743 —— green
18 772 —— imperial
19 784 —— long-fronted
20 843 —— pupal
20 866 —— serrated
18 747 —— spiral-winged
19 788 —— triple-spined
2 62 —— wandering
10 375 Lonchiurus bearded
23 1012 Lophius Cochinchina
7 245 —— Harlequin
5 176 —— marbled
6 202, 203 —— single-finned
5 175 —— striated
5 176 —— variegated
11 410 Loricaria yellow
22 937 Lory blue-tipped
22 925 —— Ceram
18 737 —— Indian
6 208 Louse common
16 647 Lucernaria four-lobed
12 491 Lutian golden eyed
M
15 609 Maccaw hyacinthine
24 1064 Mackrel common
23 982 —— mottled
13 498 —— Pilot
16 654 —— Plumerian
13 494 —— red
20 850 —— Rottlerian
23 1002 —— salient
20 854 —— Thazard
22 935 —— Zebra
12 462 Macrourus rock
22 946 Madrepore annular
19 820 —— axillary
4 118 —— Brain
6 194 —— cinnamon
17 711 —— curled
20 858 —— fastigiated
22 952 —— flexuous
17 719 —— hooded
20 855 —— lace
20 840 —— Lettuce
17 686 —— muricated
3 79 —— Mushroom
23 1004 —— narrow-gilled
20 848 —— netted
15 623 —— oblong
11 414 —— organ
15 607 —— pezizoid
10 383 —— Rose
18 754 —— seriated
5 155 —— starry globe
17 703 —— Thistle
5 153 Manakin long-tailed
20 849 —— military
20 841 —— musical
7 249 —— red-and-black
15 593 —— rock
4 111 —— speckled
5 174 —— striped-headed
21 1 11 Manis five-toed
1 36 —— four-toed
3 95 Mantis broad-breasted
4 119 —— dry-leaf
2 43 —— giant
7 233 —— long-breasted
9 327 —— sacred
9 323 —— two-spined
6 196 Medusa bell
7 224 —— Cephean
8 259 —— Egyptian
4 112 —— Funnel
16 643 —— nummular
22 956 —— pellucid
8 299 —— pulmonic
7 250 —— sailing
7 247 —— Skiff
12 445 Merganser dun
16 666 Millepore blue
11 419 —— Elkshorn
5 169 —— lace
11 416 —— lichen
21 920 —— reticulated
18 767 —— violaceous
17 712 Mite cuticular
6 187 —— lepidopterine
18 764 —— pectinated
2 64 —— vegetating
11 440 —— wandering
20 861 Momot Brasilian
15 626 Monkey Ascanius
24 1036 —— Leonine
18 774 —— silver-haired
10 368 Monoculus Cancroid
18 736 —— carp
10 364 —— Flea
21 904 —— four-horned
3 91 —— Indian
10 390 —— Muscle
20 830 Moth African Peacock
22 938 —— Agarista
13 530, 531 —— Agrippina
16 640 —— Apollonia
1 2 —— Atlas
8 300 —— Augusta
14 582 —— Boreas
22 934 —— Cape
15 615, 616 —— Cecropian
12 490 —— Clifton
22 972 —— cream-spot Tiger
21 883 —— crimson underwing
7 230 —— Erycina
16 644 —— Fabia
19 816 —— Goat
21 886 —— great egger
21 899 —— great lappet
23 996 —— great Leopard Ermine
14 548 —— Hebe
21 892 —— Hypermnestra
22 960 —— Hyphinoe
16 656 —— Janus
18 735 —— imperial
23 1014 —— Large Emerald
12 468 —— Lectrix
21 880 —— Liris
13 520 —— long-tailed
8 264 —— Luna
22 932 —— Matronula
20 868 —— Ox-Eye
16 660 —— Paphia
16 659 —— Paphia-larva
12 455, 456 —— Peacock
15 611, 612 —— Persimon
19 822 —— pine
10 356 —— Polyphemus
23 998 —— Proserpine
22 967 —— Puss
20 876 —— red underwing
20 856 —— Rhodope
18 776 —— sable
22 963 —— scarlet Tiger
15 618 —— Strix
17 699 —— Sylla
16 646 —— Tarquinia
8 288 —— Tiger
22 928 —— Venus
2 73 Mouse striped
13 527 Murex branched
21 924 —— corded
15 599 —— femoral
23 1020 —— Lamp
12 488 —— pipe
22 927 —— rock
22 15 631 —— Snipe
12 460 —— thorny
17 690 —— trapezial
12 479 —— Tritonian
24 1022 —— tulip
9 315 Muscle Camellian
9 315 —— Duck’s-bill
20 831 —— pearl
23 1015 —— winged, var.
1 3 Musk pygmy
16 676 Myrmeleon great
17 720 Mysticete under-jawed
N
12 452 Nais digitated
10 379 —— rostrated
8 270 —— serpentiform
13 515 Nautilus great
3 101 —— paper
14 579, 580 —— Pompil. animal
10 370 Nepa great
14 543 —— linear
9 311 Nereis lamellated
16 678 Nerite glossy and feathered
9 318 Newt common
8 279 —— warted
11 412 —— water
12 466 Notocanthus nasal
O
18 740 Onchidium limacine
15 628 Oniscus sharp-tailed
4 140 Opah, or imperial Zeus
11 399 Ophicephalus punctated
8 298 Opossum porculine
1 23 Orchis Bee
12 473 Oriole black-headed
8 285 —— golden
10 365 —— red-rumped
9 341 —— red-shouldered
9 338 Ostracion eared
7 253 —— speckled
2 72 Ostrich American
7 231 Ouzel rose-coloured
23 989 Owl African
12 477 —— Cayenne
1 25 —— clouded
1 22 —— least horned
19 801 —— masked
2 47 —— snowy, var.
20 853 —— white-browed
5 171 —— white-fronted
16 675 Oyster denticulated
11 439 —— long
P
15 625 Paradisea magnificent
23 993 Paradise-Bird Gorget
21 881 —— orange
14 577 —— Parkinsonian
24 1021 —— superb
24 1025 —— Vaillantian
16 653 Parrakeet black backed
4 132 —— black-winged
21 893 —— Cape
3 87 —— crimson-fronted
21 877 —— Friditutah
11 425 —— grey-headed
15 633 —— Lory
8 258 —— pale
21 917 —— red-breasted
21 913 —— red-naped
24 1061 —— scaly-breasted
3 96 —— turkosine
16 673 —— undulated
21 909 —— Vaillantian
18 769 Parrot blue-green
19 789 —— dusky
21 921 —— great-billed
7 228 —— ground
1 35 —— Guinea
23 3 93 —— nonpareil
23 1001 —— Paradise
2 53 —— Pennantian
1 1 —— purple-headed
1 16 —— purple-tailed
1 7 —— violet-blue
16 657 —— zoned
24 1033 Partridge red
15 589 —— sand
3 84 —— violaceous
15 606 Patella brown
16 641 Peacock spike-crested
11 441 —— Thibetian
20 863 Pegasus Dragon
13 529 Pelican Chinese
11 437 Penguin crested
11 409 —— Patagonian
5 170 Pennatula finger-shaped
4 139 —— kidney-shaped
2 39 —— phosphoric
4 124 —— silver
16 682 Perch red-spotted
12 478 —— sanguine
2 60 Petaurus southern
15 608 Phalangium doubtful
3 85 —— cancroid
10 393 —— reniform
13 530, 531 Phalæna Agrippina
13 520 —— long-tailed
9 347, 348 Phasma dilated
9 321 Pheasant fire-backed
10 353 —— variegated
17 688 Phyllidia trilineated
15 592 Phytolithus Fern
19 785 Pigeon aromatic
18 777 —— black-capped
12 449 —— crimson
12 457 —— crowned
17 709 —— Madagascar
22 929 —— undulated
9 344 Pike viper viper-mouthed
12 483 Pinna muricated
18 757 Pintado crested
17 714 Pipe-Fish biaculeated
11 424 Planaria white
17 725 Plant-Cutter Abyssinian
11 432 Platystacus acetabulated
14 559 —— eel-shaped
10 385, 386 Platypus Duck-billed
6 195 Plover long-legged
12 470 Polynemus Paradise
1 20 Polype green
22 970 —— long-armed
24 1027 Polypterus nilotic
23 985 Promerops blue
23 981 —— superb
9 328 Pterotrachea coronated
11 415 Puff-Ball turret
16 662 Pyrosoma phosphoric
Q
9 345 Quail Californian
R
5 173 Ray rostrated
8 261 Red-Breast blue
16 661 —— Swedish
6 192 Redstart
13 511 Remora fork-tailed
11 401 Roller African
13 509 —— Chinese
8 273 —— Indian
19 781 —— pied
S
2 45 Salamander
22 971 Salmon rhomboid
21 923 —— Tumbil
7 236 Salpa democratic
7 232 Salpa great
16 639 Scallop Jacobæan
23 978 —— Iceland
23 987 —— —— var.
23 992 —— variegated
12 492 —— Mantle
19 794 Scarus Cretan
24 8 286 —— green
12 482 —— red
10 366 Sciæna bearded
24 1047 —— Coro
24 1042 —— large-scaled
23 990 —— single-spotted
23 1007 —— yellow-striped
24 1031 Scink officinal
1 9 Scolopendra great
6 185 —— microscopic
18 768 Scorpœna flying
22 958 Scorpæna porcine
3 100 Scorpion African
14 565 Screamer horned
17 728 Scyllæa pelagic
14 571 Serpula anguine
14 575 —— muricated
6 188 —— perforated
8 283 —— vermicular
24 1048 Sertularia Cereoid
22 962 —— contorted
23 1008 —— operculated
22 936 —— Pine
17 698 —— Sea Pen
21 906 Shark Angel
17 727 —— appendiculated
9 346 —— banded
8 267 —— hammer-headed
5 161 —— ocellated
15 630 —— tentaculated
11 434 —— Zebra
12 481 Sheath-Bill Southern
15 610 Sheep Canadian
2 55 Shrew water
7 246 Shrike Barbary
13 521 —— blue
10 377 —— red-backed
16 645 —— red-vented
20 869 —— whiskered
11 406 Silurus military
3 97 —— wandering
2 61 Siren
9 325 Skimmer black
1 6 Sloth three-toed
2 58, 59 —— ursine
4 137 Slug black and spotted
16 683 Snail citron
14 576 —— dilated
1 30 —— garden
10 374 —— Lamp
10 374 —— ringent
22 950 —— snake-skin
1 24 Snake dog-headed
20 857 —— Eater, African
8 266 —— fasciated
6 209 —— gilded
3 94 —— horn-nose
7 254 —— Magpie
1 5 —— painted
9 340 —— pied
8 291 —— Russelian
2 74 —— spectacle
5 181 —— spectacle
5 148 —— warted
18 745 Snipe Caurale
17 729 —— Chinese
13 538 Soldier-fish ribbed
21 890 Sole Zebra
15 622 Solpuga poisonous
9 329 Sparrow common
24 1023 Sparus Abilgardian
21 898 —— anchor-toothed
1 31 —— ? beautiful
16 652 —— black-finned
19 810 —— boar-tusked
19 807 —— falcated
18 755 —— fasciated
20 842 —— great-eyed
23 979 —— green-finned
21 910 —— green-tailed
23 975 —— Juba
18 750 —— Pagre
24 1034 —— Peacock
23 994 —— red tailed
20 834 —— rose
20 847 —— semifasciated
21 919 —— silver-eyed
19 818 —— Surinam
20 859 —— trimaculated
22 939 —— Vosmerian
12 458 —— yellow-striped
13 534 Sphagebranchus rostrated
14 566, 567 Sphinx Annona
E
25
18
752 —— Bindweed
9 319 —— Cassava
20 860 —— Celerio
15 595 —— Cluentius
23 980 —— Crantor
19 795 —— double-pointed
23 988 —— Elpenor
18 739 —— Fig-tree
24 1059 —— Fringe-tree
20 872 —— Humming-bird
13 528 —— Jasmine
16 680 —— Jatropha
16 679 —— —— larva
17 724 —— lineated
1 18 —— ocellated
10 372 —— Oleander
24 1039 —— Pandion
16 670 —— Panopus
19 803 —— poplar
11 443 —— Privet
21 922 —— spurge
16 668 —— wild vine
16 667 —— wild vine larva
1 12 Spider bird-catching
9 308 —— Diadem
9 336 —— golden
23 983 —— Western
16 651 Spondylus subauriculated
10 380 Sponge Fan
4 146 —— Funnel
18 738 —— palmated
3 90 Spoon-bill rose-coloured
19 811 Stag-Chaffer elk-horned
2 54 Stapelia fetid
19 805 Stare subrosaceous
24 1040 Star-fish scolopendroid
15 620 —— slender limbed
10 349 Starling Crescent
20 873 —— shining
22 926 Strombus ear
23 1011 —— seven-clawed
13 499 —— Spindle
13 519 —— Wing
8 274 Stylephorus chordated
19 782 Sun-Fish short
18 746 Surmullet spotted
3 108 Swan black
16 665 Swallow Cape
3 88 Sword-fish broad-finned
14 563 Synbranchus marbled
T
9 342, 343 Tadpole Mexican
1 4 Tanagra Paradise
16 669 Tanager black crowned
7 234 —— Brasilian
13 537 —— collared
14 581 —— Malimbic
17 693 —— Mississippi
7 252 —— red-shouldered
18 761 —— silent
9 305 —— violaceous
7 241 Tape-Worm broad-jointed
15 602 Tarantula
15 614 —— American
21 885 Teal Chinese
20 838 Tench golden
8 290 Terebella Madrepore
9 339 —— rostrated
7 235 —— yellow-haired
13 510 Tethys crenelated
20 832 Tetrodon lineated
23 1013 Thrush Australasian
14 557 —— Cochinchina
14 585 —— lunulated
15 617 —— blue-tailed
22 961 —— watchful
18 733 Tinamou variegated
4 138 Titmouse blue
6 201 —— great
23 999 Toad mephitic
1 17 —— Surinam
11 405 Tody crested
8 287 Tortoise imbricated
21 907, 908 —— nilotic
9 306 —— radiated
24 1062 —— snake
26 4 144 Tortoise speckled
17 717 Toucan green
6 198 —— red-banded
6 183 —— red-beaked
10 378 Trachichthys Southern
22 930 Trichiure silver
12 453 Trichoda Sun
18 766 —— three-bristled
5 177 Tropic-bird red-tailed
21 882 Trout Salvelin
3 98 Tubipore crimson
14 562 Turbo Magpie
22 964 —— nautiloid
10 359 —— variegated
21 900 —— waved
10 354 Tubularia campanulated
12 450 —— great
19 798 —— twisted
10 392 —— undivided
V
5 163 Venus occidental
11 431 Vibrio Eel
11 436 —— festucine
4 122 Viper horned
14 558 Volute Bat’s-wing
13 508 —— Ethiopian
20 836 —— Ethiopic
19 827 —— Indian
19 815 —— Junoninn
19 812 —— magnific
2 52 —— orange-striped
22 944 —— Pacific
21 912 —— snow-flake
14 550 —— veined
17 702 —— undulated
7 244 Volutes Mitre
8 278 Vorticella arborescent
6 199 Vorticella circular
9 312 —— Convallarian
18 771 —— Cup
4 141 Vulture Alpine
9 301 —— Californian
22 941 Vulture Pondicherry
W
6 207 Wagtail white
8 276 Walrus Arctic
23 973 Warbler double-streaked
22 949 —— doubtful
23 997 —— minute
5 168 —— ruby-throated
22 965 —— rufous-breasted
16 649 —— Russian
22 957 —— sharp-tailed
1 10 —— superb
4 114 —— Swallow
7 237 —— Tailor
22 969 —— thoracic
15 603 Wasp campanular
4 133 Whale great Northern
9 304 —— rostrated
6 184 —— spermaceti
5 180 Woodpecker great spotted
7 225 —— lesser spotted
2 44 —— minute
13 493 —— pileated
22 953 —— Portorico
11 413 —— red
4 126 —— red-headed
18 753 —— rufous
13 497 —— White-billed
11 426 Wrasse variegated
5 165 Wren golden-crested
6 189 —— willow
5 156 Wryneck
Z
7 229 Zygæna round-headed

London: Printed by B. M‘Millan,
Bow Street, Covent Garden.

Notes and Corrections: General Index

Most errors in the General Index—including missing entries, shown in lighter type—are carried over from the individual volumes’ Indexes. An obvious exception is incorrect volume assignments, which can only have been introduced for the all-in-one index. On the plus side, the General Index tends to be less creative about alphabetization.

The individual volumes’ Notes and Corrections sections will often have more information about plate-numbering glitches; see especially Volume 10 and Volume 23.

Minor variations in spelling, capitalization or hyphenization aren’t noted unless they are likely to cause confusion. The abbreviation var. has been italicized for consistency. In the printed book, it went about half and half: generally (but not always) non-italic in Latin, generally (but not always) italic in English.

Illustration: Shaw’s Tomb

There was supposed to be one more installment of Volume 24, but George Shaw died. In fact the Nodders had a final set of four plates ready to go. You’d think it would have been worth it to find some other zoologist to dash off the last four descriptions—after all, several volumes of Shaw’s General Zoology were completed by someone else—but the Nodders knew best.

Close-up of marker:

close-up of George Shaw’s tomb

Note the “Æ. 60.” George Shaw’s year of birth is generally given as 1751, making him 61 or 62 at his death.

Richd. P. Nodder del. 1813.
[This is the first mention of an engraving’s year since installment 8 of Volume 23. Fortunately, it is the expected “1813”.]

Richd. B. Peake ſculp.
[I hate to say it, Mr. Nodder, but Richard Peake has much nicer hand­writing than you. I especially like the old-fashioned touch of using long ſ in “ſculp.”]

Vide Vol. I. Plate 18.
[Sphinx Ocellata, the Ocellated Sphinx or Eyed Hawk-Moth. In both Latin and English, the article includes a longish poem about metamorphosis.]

Title Page

In all the Miscellany, this is the only title page that mentions a date—or, indeed, any of the information that would normally be on a title page. The General Index is also the only part of the Miscellany to be fully paginated.

Latin Index

9 334   Alcyonium arboreum
text has 326 . . . alboreum
[Unlike most, this numbering error (and also the misspelling) was introduced in the General Index.]

15 598   Anarhichas pantherinus
text has Anarhichus

17 691   Balistes maculatus
index entry missing

13 535   Boa antarctica
text has antarctita

12 447   [Bulla achatina]
[The plate is engraved 438, a number that was used in its proper place in Volume 11. I have given it its expected number, 447.]

12 474   [Chætodon] tricolor
text has 471

15 636   Chama Cor.
text has 635

3 94   [Coluber] nasicornis
text has nascicornis

18 777   [Columba] melanoptera
text has 177 . . . melanopte
[The index for Volume 18 has “melanoptera” in error for “melanocephala”. The General Index not only misspells the already-wrong word, it intro­duces a plate-numbering error to keep it company.]

13 502   [Conus] arausiacus et arachn.
text has arachr.

23 1016   Corallina dilatata
text has (Vol.) 22

24 1032   [Coryphæna] pentadactyla
[The plate is both engraved and indexed as 1031, duplicating the previous plate.]

23 1000   [Cyprinus] Carpio var.
text has 100

9 342, 343   Gyrinus Mexicanus
text has 343, 344

18 760   [Hydrachna] geographica
text has 759

24 1056   Kurtus Indicus
[The plate is both engraved and indexed as 1055, duplicating the “real” 1055.]

18 759   Labrus guttulatus
text has 760

6 212   [Lacerta] lumbricoides
text has (Vol.) 16

12 463   [Libellula] grandis
[The plate is engraved and indexed as 459, a number that was used in its proper place in the previous installment of the same volume. I have given it its expected number, 463.]

16 677   [Loxia] Ludoviciana
text has (Vol.) 18

7 233   [Mantis] gongylodes
text has 223

8 299   [Medusa] Pulmo
text has (Vol.) 2

12 473   [Oriolus] melanocephalus
text has 478

23 978   [Ostrea] Islandica / 23 987   [Ostrea Islandica] var.
[The two Plate references are reversed in the Index: Plate 978 (printed 987) is the oyster, Plate 987 (printed 978) its variation.]

23 992   [Ostrea] varia
text has 993

15 600   [Papilio] Amphytrion
[The plate is engraved 597, duplicating the number of the installment’s first plate. I have given it its expected number, 600. The body text has the expected spelling “Amphitryon”.]

19 804   [Papilio] Androgeus
text has 894

18 744   [Papilio] Antiopa
text has 774
[Anomalously, this is an introduced error.]

17 716   [Papilio] Arcesilaus
text has Arciselaus

11 435   [Papilio] Patroclus
text has 436

23 993   [Paradisea] Gularis
text has 994

22 928   [Phalæna] Venus
text has 228

10 385, 386   Platypus Anatinus
text has Anatimus

15 609   Psittacus Augustus
text has Angustus

19 789   [Psittacus] infuscatus
text has 769

10 351, 350   [Rana] Paradoxa
text has 353

16 654   Scomber plumieri.
index entry missing

10 358   [Sepia] Octopodia
[The plate is engraved and indexed as 359. I have called it 358 to avoid duplication.]

23 1008   Sertularia operculata
text has Serrularia
[Adding insult to injury, this lone misspelled entry—as usual, carried over from its original volume—was then alphabetized after all the Sertularia entries. Since there are only a few of them, I have moved it to its proper location.]

18 774   Simia argentata
[In fact there are two Plates 774, both showing Simia argentata.]

6 216   [Simia] Hamadryas
text has (Vol.) 2

23 979   Sparas chloropterus
[Thanks to the “Sparas” misspelling inherited from Volume 23, three entries were printed before the correctly spelled “Sparus”. I have shown each one twice: as printed, and again in its proper location.]

page image

23 994   [Sparas] erythrourus
text has 979
[Volume 23 also had the plate number wrong—but there it was given as “995”.]

20 860   [Sphinx] Celerio
text has 872

16 680   [Sphinx] Jatrophæ
text has Jatophæ

23 989   Strix Africana
[The plate is engraved and indexed as 992. I changed it to avoid duplication; the number 992 properly belongs to the last plate in the installment.]

20 853   Strix superciliosa
index entry missing

17 714   Syngnathus biaculeatus
text has Syngnatbus bianculeatus
[Like most errors in the General Index, this one—both words—is carried over from the Volume 17 index.]

21 907, 908   [Testudo] Nilotica
text has (Vol.) 2

23 1013   Turdus Australasiæ
text has 1113

14 585   [Turdus] lunulatus
text has 485

13 533   [Upupa] erythrorynchus
[The entry “—— erythrorynchus” was printed immediately after “Volvox globator”, as if the plate depicted Volvox erythrorynchus. I have shown it twice: as printed, and in its correct location.]

English Index

4 128   [Acarus] gold-spotted
text has (Vol.) 5

6 214, 215   [Ascidia] fasciculated
number “214” missing

17 691   Balistes spotted
text has 695

18 751   [Beetle] Goliath
text has Goliah

12 447   [Bulla] agate
[The plate is engraved and indexed as 438, a number that was used in its proper place in the Volume 11. I have given it its expected number, 447.]

14 541   Buphaga African
text has (Vol.) 15

15 600   [Butterfly] Amphytrion
[The plate is engraved and indexed as 597, duplicating the number of the installment’s first plate. I have given it its expected number, 600. The body text has the expected spelling “Amphitryon”.]

17 716   [Butterfly] Arcesilaus
text has Arciselaus

11 433   Cardinal crested Dominican
text has Cardinal-crested

12 474   [Chætodon] tricolor
text has 471

15 636   [Chama] Heart
text has 635

19 813   [Chatterer] Pompadour
text has 797

17 731   Chœtodon glaucus
[The genus name Chætodon was misspelled Chœtodon in the Volume 17 index, causing this one species to be alphabetized in the wrong place in the General Index. I have added an entry in its expected location.]

13 495   Cone Admiral and var.
text has and, with superfluous comma

10 395   [Cone] Porphyry
text has word “Cone” written out

16 658   [Coralline] fan
text has 660

24 1032   Coryphene five-spotted
[The plate is both engraved and indexed as 1031, duplicating the previous plate.]

10 358   Cuttle-fish eight-armed
[The plate is engraved and indexed as 359. I have called it 358 to avoid duplication.]

11 422   [Frogfish] European
text has (Vol.) 10

22 933   Grous Senegal
text has 993

13 517   [Humming-bird] stripe-cheeked
text has stripe-checked

18 760   [Hydrachna] variegated
text has 759

24 1056   Kurtus Indian
[The plate is both engraved and indexed as 1055, duplicating the previous plate.]

18 759   [Labrus] guttulated
text has 760

12 463   [Libellula] great
[The plate is engraved and indexed as 459, a number that was used in its proper place in the previous installment. I have given it its expected number, 463.]

21 891   [Lizard] Ameiva
text has 591

18 774   [Monkey] silver-haired
[In fact there are two Plates 774, both showing the Silver-Haired Monkey.]

13 530, 531   [Moth] Agrippina / 13 520   [Moth] long-tailed
[In Volume 13, the English index had “Phalæna” instead of the usual “Moth”. The General Index followed suit, and then goofed by alpha­betizing it after “Phalangium” rather than before. (The “æ” ligature is normally treated as if it were the separate letters “ae”.) I have shown each entry twice: as printed, and in its expected location under Moth. For the Agrippina plate numbers, see below under Phalæna.]

14 582   [Moth] Boreas
text has 565

21 883   [Moth] crimson underwing
text has 888

16 660   [Moth] Paphia
text has 659

16 659   [Moth] Paphia-larva
text has 658

20 876   [Moth] red underwing
text has red-underwing

12 473   Oriole black-headed
text has 478

23 989   Owl African
[The plate is engraved and indexed as 992. I changed it to avoid duplication; the number 992 properly belongs to the last plate in the installment.]

1 22   [Owl] least horned
text has least-horned

23 993   Paradise-Bird Gorget
text has 994

14 577   [Paradise-Bird] Parkinsonian
text has 57

3 96   [Parrakeet] turkosine
text unchanged
[This is another of the rare introduced errors. Volume 3 has “Turcosine” both in the body text and in the index].]

15 608   Phalangium doubtful
text has doubtfnl

13 530, 531   Phalæna Agrippina
text has 529 only

9 344   Pike viper-mouthed
text has viper mouthed without hyphen

13 509   [Roller] Chinese
text has 504

23 992   [Scallop] variegated
text has 993

18 768   Scorpœna flying
[As usual, this error—Scorpœna for Scorpæna—is carried over from the Volume 18 index. Oddly, the General Index entry is alphabetized as if it were spelled correctly; the “œ” should have put it two rows down, after “Scorpion”.]

13 538   Soldier-fish ribbed
text has Soldier-fish-ribbed

21 898   [Sparus] anchor-toothed
text has 878

23 994   [Sparus] red tailed
text has 995

23 988   [Sphinx] Elpenor
text has 938

14 585   [Thrush] lunulated
text has 485

The original of this text is in the public domain—at least in the U.S.
My notes are copyright, as are all under-the-hood elements.
If in doubt, ask.